“Internet” refers to the
vast category of applications and protocols built on top of sophisticated and interconnected computer networks, serving billions of users around the world in 24/7 fashion. Indeed, we are at the beginning of an emerging era where ubiquitous communication and connectivity is neither a dream nor a challenge anymore. Subsequently, the focus has shifted toward a seamless integration of people and devices to converge the physical realm with human-made virtual environments, creating the so- called utopia, the soon most connected to devices will be Internet of Things India.
A closer look at Internet of things reveals two important pillars of IoT: “Internet” and “Things” that require more clarification. Although it seems that every object capable of connecting to the Internet will fall into the “Things” category, this notation is used to encompass a more generic set of entities, including smart devices, sensors, human beings, and any other object that is aware of its context and is able to communicate with other entities, making it accessible at any time, anywhere. Internet of things implies that
objects are required to be accessible without any time or place restrictions.
Ubiquitous connectivity is a crucial requirement of IoT, and, to fulfill it, applications need to sup-port a diverse set of devices and communication protocols, from tiny sensors capable of sensing and reporting a desired factor, to powerful back-end servers that are utilized for data analysis and knowledge extraction. Internet of things requires integration of mobile devices, edge devices like routers and smart hubs, and humans in the loop as controllers. Initially, Radio-Frequency Identification (RFID) used to be the dominant technology behind IoT
development, but with further technological achievements, wireless sensor networks (WSN) and Bluetooth-enabled devices augmented the mainstream adoption of the IoT trend. These technologies applications have been extensively surveyed previously. however, less attention has been given to unique characteristics and requirements of IoT, such as scalability, heterogeneity support, total integration, and real-time query processing.
INTERNET OF THINGS INDIA TO BENEFIT MOST – HUMAN IN THE LOOP
IoT is also identified as an enabler for machine-to-machine, human-to-machine, and human-with-environment interactions. With the increase in the number of smart devices and the adoption of new protocols such as IPv6, the trend of Internet of things is expected to shift toward the fusion of smart and autonomous networks of Internet-capable objects equipped with the ubiquitous computing paradigm. Involving human in the loop of Internet of things offers numerous advantages to a wide range of applications, including emergency management, healthcare, etc. Therefore, another essential role of IoT is to build a collaborative system that is capable of effectively responding to an event captured via sensors, by effective discovery of crowds and also successful communication of information across discovered crowds of different domains.
INTERNET OF THINGS INDIA IMPROVING THE QUALITY OF LIFE
IoT is also recognized by the impact on quality of life and businesses, which can revolutionize
the way our medical systems and businesses operate by:
(1) expanding the communication channel between objects by providing a more integrated communication environment in which different sensor data such as location, heartbeat, etc. can be measured and shared more easily. (2) Facilitating the automation and control process, whereby administrators can manage each object’s status via remote
consoles; and (3) saving in the overall cost of implementation, deployment, and maintenance, by providing detailed measurements and the ability to check the status of devices remotely.
According to Google Trends, the word “IoT” is used more often than “Internet of Things” since 2004, followed by “Web of Things” and “Internet of Everything” as the most frequently used words. Quoting the same reference, Singapore and India are the countries with the most regional interest in IoT. This is aligned with the fact that Internet of things India is estimated to be the world’s largest consumer of Internet of things India devices by 2020.